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Saturday, 7 December 2013

Microelectronics



































Microelectronics is a subfield of electronics. As the name suggests, microelectronics relates to the study and manufacture (or microfabrication) of very small electronic components. Usually, but not always, this means micrometre-scale or smaller,. These devices are made from semiconductors. Many components of normal electronic design are available in microelectronic equivalent: transistors, capacitors, inductors, resistors, diodes and of course insulators and conductors can all be found in microelectronic devices. Unique wiring techniques such as wire bonding are also often used in microelectronics because of the unusually small size of the
components, leads and pads. This technique requires specialized equipment.

Digital integrated circuits (ICs) consist mostly of transistors. Analog circuits commonly contain resistors and capacitors as well. Inductors are used in some high frequency analog circuits, but tend to occupy large chip area if used at low frequencies; gyrators can replace them in many applications.

As techniques improve, the scale of microelectronic components continues to decrease. At smaller scales, the relative impact of intrinsic circuit properties such as interconnections may become more significant. These are called parasitic effects, and the goal of the microelectronics design engineer is to find ways to compensate for or to minimize these effects, while always delivering smaller, faster, and cheaper devices
Analog circuit
Digital circuit
Electrical engineering
Kelvin probe force microscope
Macroelectronics
Nanoelectronics


History of Microelectronics
A replica of the point- contact transistor created by John Bardeen and walter Brattain, under the supervision of William Shockley in 1947.
Introduction to IC and history
1947 the first integrated transistor (Bell Telephone Laboratories)
1959 the first bipolar planar transistor
1958 the first integrated circuit available as a monolithic chip
1965 the first op-amp
1971 the first 4 bit microprocessor(Intel 4004)
1972 the first 8 bit microprocessor (Intel 8008)
1981 the first IBM PC
More images of Microelectronics

















Products of Microelectronics
esterline.com


Custom Hybrids




Career in Microelectronics
from education-portal.com

Microelectronics Engineer: Job & Career

 Info

Read on to learn more about what microelectronics engineers do. Get the details about required education and training. See what the career prospects are to decide if this field is for you. 

Career Definition

Microelectronics is a subdivision of electronics that focuses on the design of small electronic parts like semiconductors, circuit boards, and microchips that are used in the design of new biomedical, electronic, aerospace, and information technologies devices and systems. Microelectronic engineers construct prototypes of new designs, perform specialized tests, and record and interpret data on the performance of new models.

Become a Microelectronics Engineer

Required Education

Most microelectronics engineers obtain a bachelor's degree in electronics engineering. However, like most engineering fields, microelectronics combines skills and knowledge from several engineering fields, so many engineers find it easy to switch from one related field to another. It is not uncommon to see microelectronics engineers overlap knowledge from fields like mechanical engineering or materials engineering.

Licensing Requirement

Engineers in any field go through a rigorous licensing process that involves successful completion of an exam, at least four years of apprenticeship, and completion of two engineering tests before they can qualify for a Professional Engineering license (PE).

Required Skills

Microelectronics engineers develop plans and construct prototypes of electronic circuit chips, circuit boards, and semiconductors. They apply knowledge of mechanical systems, new materials, and electronics to construct prototypes of new designs. They require specialized knowledge in technical writing skills and material science in order to prepare semiconductor reports and interpretation skills to read, prepare, and compile progress reports.

Career and Economic Outlook

The projected growth for electrical and electronics engineers, as reported by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), was expected to be 4% from 2012-2022, slower than average for all occupations. This is due in part to a declining manufacturing sector. The median annual income for an engineer working in the field of electronics was approximately $91,820, according to BLS data from May 2012.

Alternate Career Options

Electrical Engineering Technician

An electrical engineering technician takes an active role in the development of projects designed by electrical engineers and computer hardware engineers. They set up and test prototype and working electronics components, such as navigation systems; they also report on the electronics' performance, and make suggestions for change as needed. People employed in this job usually have an associate's degree in electrical engineering technology. Industry certification in electrical power testing is available. According to the BLS, the number of jobs in this field is expected to remain roughly the same from 2012-2022. Electrical engineering technicians earned median pay of $57,850 in 2012; the BLS also reports that in 2012, the states where the greatest number of electrical engineering technicians worked were California, Texas, New York, Florida, and Massachusetts.

Computer Hardware Engineer

Computer hardware engineers develop the parts that make computers work through activities like research, development, testing, and modification. They push technological advancement in computer components like routers, circuit boards, and processors, and they ensure that newly researched parts work well with existing parts and software. Jobs typically require an ABET-accredited bachelor's degree in computer engineering. According to the BLS, jobs for computer hardware engineers are expected to increase 7% from 2012-2022. The BLS reports that the median pay for this job was $100,920 in 2012; the states where employment was highest in this career were California, Texas, Maryland, Massachusetts, and Colorado.

School info

DeVry University

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ITT Technical Institute

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Northcentral University

 

 Online learning


Penn Foster Career School

 

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Kaplan University

 

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University of Phoenix

 

 

Online learning

 

Stanford University

 

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University of Pennsylvania

 

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Duke University


 

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University of Notre Dame

 

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M.E.(Micro Electronics Systems)Colleges in India

 

Birla Institute of Technology (BIT)


Mesra,Ranchi,Jharkhand
 Courses Offered
  • B.E. (Electronics & Communication Engineering)
  • M.E. (Electronics & Communication)
  • M.E. (Micro Electronics Systems)

 

Chitkara University Solan

Pinjore-Barotiwala National Highway
Solan,Himachal Pradesh  
Courses Offered
  • B.E. (Electronics & Communication Engineering)
  • M.E. (Micro Electronics Systems)

Goa College of Engineering

Farmagudi,North Goa,Goa
Courses Offered
  • B.E. (Electronics & Telecom Engineering)
  • M.E. (Electronics & Communication)
  • M.E. (Micro Electronics Systems)

Indian Institute of Science

Bangalore,Karnataka
Courses Offered
  • M.E. (Micro Electronics Systems)
  • M.Tech. (Electronics Design and Technology)

University Institute of Engineering and Technology (UIET)

Chandigarh
Courses Offered
  • B.E. (Electronics & Communication Engineering)
  • B.Tech. + M.B.A. (Electronics and Communication Engineering)
  • M.E. (Electronics & Communication)